Tehran ( pronunciation ; Persian: Tehrān – تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 9 million in the city and 16 million in the wider metropolitan area, Tehran is the largest city and urban area of Iran, the second largest city in Western Asia, and the 3rd largest in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.
In the Classical era, part of the present-day city of Tehran was occupied by a Median city, which in the Avesta occurs as Rhaga. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 13th century, and remains now as a city in Tehran Province, located towards the southern end of the modern-day city of Tehran.
Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, at that time still part of Iran, and to avoid the vying factions of previous Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran.
Sadeghiyeh (also Sadeghieh, Sadeqiyeh) (Persian: صادقیه) is a heavily populated district of Tehran, Iran. Also called by its pre-revolutionary name Aryashahr (also Ariashahr) (Persian: آریاشهر), it is one of Tehran's busiest commercial and residential centers. It is connected via Tehran's Metro and monorail lines to other parts of the city. The Sadighiyeh metro station is one of the busiest stations in Tehran where lines 2 and 5 (Karaj Intercity Train) intersect.
Sadighiyeh has two main squares called Falakeye Aval Sadighiyeh and Falakeye Dovom Sadighiyeh.
Coordinates: 35°43′19″N 51°20′14″E / 35.72194°N 51.33722°E / 35.72194; 51.33722
Tehran (1941–1966) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire, who raced during World War II and was best known for winning the classic St Leger in 1944. After showing little ability as a two-year-old he improved in the following spring to win the Culford Stakes on his three-year-old debut. He ran third in the 2000 Guineas and was narrowly beaten into second place in the Derby Stakes. After winning the Whepstead Stakes he recorded his biggest win when defeating a strong field in a substitute St Leger. He won his first three races in 1945 and finished second in the Ascot Gold Cup. He later became a successful breeding stallion, siring several major winners including Tulyar.
Tehran was a bay horse with a white star and a white coronet marking on his left hind foot bred in the United Kingdom by Prince Aly Khan and owned by him in partnership with his father Aga Khan III. He was sired by Bois Roussel, a French-bred horse who won the 1938 Epsom Derby before becoming a successful breeding stallion. His other progeny included the St Leger winner Ridge Wood and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Migoli. Tehran's dam Stafaralla was a successful racehorse and broodmare who won the Cheveley Park Stakes in 1937 and produced the Ebor Handicap winner Norooz. Stafarella was a granddaughter of Miranda, whose other descendants have included Mrs McArdy, Borgia and Foolish Pleasure.
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